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Tessellation is the process of tiling a surface with one or more geometry, all elements are organized so its perfectly adjacent to each other and with no overlaps. Tessellation is used in buildings to construct a beautiful ornamental system, or a decorative patterns, the small patterns break down large surfaces into smaller elements, giving the designer the chance to give the surface an expression and aesthetically moving feeling.

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There are many studies in mathematics concerned with the rules of making tessellation, especially, the process of making the corners match together without gaps and how shapes converted into another by simple moves or changes.

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Actually in this post, there is no deep investigations into the tessellation itself, but a re-modelling of a building used tessellation in its form


Masjid Al-Nilin


One of the most beautiful mosques in Sudan,The building located in Omdurman city, laying on the Western bank of  the White Nile, just opposite the famous two Niles junction(Al_Mugran) north Khartoum. It was built in the 70s of the last century, in the time of Nomiri regime. The building is designed in a circular plan, allowing for 360 degrees of views from inside, and the form of the building take a a unique hemisphere shape(just like Qubba), covered with a 3_Dimensional tiling pattern which have an impressive sharp angles that give the mosque its strong appearance and unique architecture.

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In this experiment, i was trying to remodel the unique shape of the mosque Geometry, and to build the 3-Dimensional pattern of the roof. The process was very simple at the beginning, by subdividing the surface, defining the sizes and scales of tiling, and then applying the patterns.

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what was interesting about the folding technique, that how close its to the origami famous technique, and while building the folds, i realized that its possible to build even moe complex folding systems from that, and that you can see below.

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